Change into Negative Sentence in Hindi (English Grammar): Meaning, Definition, Online Converter

Change into Negative Sentence in Hindi (English Grammar): Meaning, Definition, Online Converter

Affirmative Sentence को Negative बनाने के लिए निम्नलिखित कुछ प्रमुख नियम हैं –

am, is, are, was, were, shall, will, do, does, did, can, could, may, might, must, should, would, ought, इत्यादि auxiliaries के बाद प्रायः not लगाकर वाक्य को Negative बनाया जाता है। जैसे

Affirmative Negative

  • I am ready. —–> I am not ready.
  • We are students. —–> We are not students.
  • He will come.—–>  He will not come.
  • You should go. —–> You should not go.

have, has और had के बाद कहीं ‘not’ लगता है तो कहीं ‘no’। अतः आपको इस संबंध में विशेष ध्यान देने की जरूरत है।

(a) जब have/has/had के तुरंत बाद Verb, Article, संख्यासूचक शब्द (one, two, many, any, etc) या परिमाणसूचक शब्द (much, any, etc) रहता है, तब have/has/had के बाद not लगाने से वाक्य Negative Sentence में परिवर्तित हो जाता है। जैसे –

Affirmative I have eaten. He had gone, Hari has two cars. She has a cow. I had much money.

Negative I have not eaten. He had not gone. Hari has not two cars. She has not a cow. I had not much money.

(b) जव have/has/had के तुरंत बाद Noun या Adjective of Quality (good, red, etc) रहता है, तब have/has/had के बाद no लगाने से वाक्य Negative Sentence में परिवर्तित हो जाता है। जैसेAffirmative

Negative She has ink,

She has no ink, They had cows.

They had no cows. I have red pens.

I have no red pens.

eat, laugh, go, read, इत्यादि Ordinary Verbs हैं। जब ये Present Indefinite Tense में प्रयुक्त रहते हैं, तब इनके पहले do not/does not लगाकर वाक्यों को Negative Sentences में परिवर्तित किया जाता है। और, इस परिस्थिति में अगर Ordinary Verbs में पहले से -s या -es लगा

रहता है, तो वह – या -es लुप्त हो जाता है। अर्थात्, Negative Sentences के Structures इस प्रकार हो जाते हैं

I/We/You/They/Plural Noun + do not + V:. He/She/lt/Singular Noun + does not + VI. Affirmative

Negative I read.

I do not read. He reads.

He does not read. The cow eats.

The cow does not eat. The cows eat.

The cows do not eat. Ram plays.

Note: do not/does not लगाने के बाद V’ का ही प्रयोग होता है, अर्थात् main verb में -s/es नहीं जुड़ता है।

जब वाक्यों में Ordinary Verbs का Past Tense यानी went, ate, laughed, इत्यादि प्रयुक्त रहता है, तब did not का प्रयोग कर वाक्यों को Negative Sentences में परिवर्तित किया जाता है। और, इस परिस्थिति में Ordinary Verbs का v2 form y form में परिवर्तित हो जाता है।

Affirmative Subject + v2 I went. He laughed. They did. The teacher taught us.

Negative Subject + did not + v! I did not go. He did not laugh. They did not do. The teacher did not teach us.

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